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taxon links [up-->]Blepharopsis mendica [up-->]Blepharodes [up-->]Idolomorpha [up-->]Empusa [up-->]Idolomantis diabolica [up-->]Gongylus [down<--]Mantodea Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

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Phylogeny from Roy (2004).
Containing group: Mantodea


Ehrmann, R. 2002. Mantodea: Gottesanbeterinnen der Welt. Natur und Tier, Münster.

Roy, R. 2004. Critical re-arrangements in the family Empusidae and phylogenetic relationships (Dictyoptera, Mantodea). Revue Francaise d'Entomologie (Nouvelle Serie) 26(1):1-18.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Blepharopsis mendica
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Sex Male
Life Cycle Stage Adult Male
Copyright ©
Scientific Name Blepharodes cornutus
Reference M. Beier. 1934. Mantodea. Fam. Mantidae. Subfam. Sibyllinae and Empusinae. Genera Insectorum de P. Wytsman 197:1-10
Sex Female
Scientific Name Empusa pennata
Location Cartagena, Murcia, Espaņa
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Empusa pennata
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2007 joaquinportela
Scientific Name Gongylus gongylodes
Location Originally from southern India
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Life Cycle Stage L4 Nymph
Copyright ©
About This Page

Page: Tree of Life Empusidae. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2003. Empusidae. Version 01 January 2003 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Empusidae/12495/2003.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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